- Distance Education
The Centre for Advanced Study in Botany, and the departments of Zoology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Biotechnology together constitute the School of Life Science.
The first Natural Science department of the University of Madras viz., the Department of Zoology was started in 1927 with Sir.K.Ramunny Menon as the honorary director. The department teaches and researches in the fields of, Cryopreservatioon of gametes and embryos of penaid prawns, Eye stalk neuropeptides and control of reproduction in the decapod crustaceans, Molecular aspects of reproduction in the decapod crustaceans, Biochemistry of spermatophores and seminal plasma in Scylla serrata, Biofouling: Environmental impact assessment, Water, Quality, Viral diseases of shrimp Aquaculture of live food organism,Mass culture of fairyshrimps and brine Immunobiology of cultivable aquatic invertebrates, Physiology of respiratory pigments, Heavy metal regulation in arthropods, Cell surface glycoprotenis, Cancer and free radical biology etc.
Facilities are available to do research on the biological and biochemical aspects of animals. Sophisticated Instruments of the department are: EA-940 Ion Analyser-Orion, SpeedVac,CM3 Cryomicroscope, Planer Biomed Kryo 10 (programmable freezer), Revco Freezer, Refrigerated Centrifuges, Metler Balance,Macrophor DNA Sequencing,PCR Machine,Standard Liquid Chromatography system, UV-Visible Spectrophotometersnos, Leica Binocular Microscope, Electrophoresis system, Gas Liquid Chromatograph, Phase -Contrast Microscope, Lyophilizer, Ultracentrifuge, HPLC, Gas Chromatography systems, L.S.Coounter, ELISA Reader and Osmometer.
The consultancy potentials of the department lie in the areas of Environmental impact assessment, Water Quality, Cryopreservation in crustacean embryos, Live feed for aquaculture, Health care of marine organism,Immunology of marine organism and Biochemistry of cancer. The department offers Master, M.Phil and Ph.D.programmes.
The department of Botany was started in 1929 for generating specilization in the field of Algology. In 1944 the emphasis shifted to Plant Pathology. In 1963 it was chosen for elevation as a Centre for Advanced Study by the Univeristy Grants Commission. Algology, Algal Biotechnology, Mycology, Fungal Biotechnology, Molecular plant Pathology, Environmental Microbiology, Plant Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering are the areas in which teaching and research are carried out by the department.
The Centre is well equipped with modern sophisticated instruments. The Centre's Library has over 12,000 books on Plant, Pathology,Microbiology, specialized topics and subscribes to nearly 25 Jornals of International repute. A large collection of back volumes of journals is a treasure. The Centre maintains one of the largst culture collections in South Asia and about 800 algal,500fungal and a few bacterial strains are maintained. The Centre has an excellent field laboratory,situated at Maduravoyal, 10 Kilometers away from Madras with all facilities to conduct field trials. The centre has sophisticated equipments like Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, Contamination Monitor, Electroportor, Electron Microscope-(Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscope), ELISA reader, Environmental Shakers, Fermentors, French Press, Gas Liquid Chromatograpgy,Gel Eluter and Progenetore,High Performance Liquid Chromatography, High Speed Centrifuges, Infra Red Gas Analyser,liquid Scintillation Counter, Luminometers, Microfuges, Oxygen Monitor, PCR(Polymerase Chain Reaction)Unit, Personal computers, Photomicroscope, Scanning denistometer, Spectrofluorimeter, Spectrophotometers, Transilluminator, Ultracentrifuges, Ultramicrotome, Ultrasonicators, Vacuum freezer.
The Centre offers consultancy on high technology for organic cultivation of cereals and vegetable crops,bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides and biotechnological agents. Special training will be offered on high technologies to Industrialists,farmers, scientists and agriculturists, Mushroom production and mushroom compost,Bio-remediation and Bio-transformation of heavy metl pollution,Tanery effluent,dye factory effluent,Xenobiotics, radio-activity pollution and oil-pollutioon, Bio-remediation of polluted soils,are some areas in which frequent consultancy takes place. The department offers Masters,M.Phil. and Ph.D.programmes.
The department of Biochemistry was started in 1933 under the headship Dr.M.Damodaran to study Chemsitry and Metabolism of proteins and enzymes. Since 1945, the department offers, Masters, M.Phil and Ph.D.programmes. The department teaches and researches in the areas of Clinical Biochemistry, Cancer Biology, Standardization of Pharmaceuticals, Nutritional Biochemistry, De-addiction, Biochemical and Environmental Toxicology and Microbial Pathogenesis.
The sophisticated equipments in the department are: Spectrophotometer, Liquid Scintillation Counter, Refrigerated High Speed Centrifuges and other instruments essential for biochemical investigations. The Department offers consultancy for Evaluation of drug efficacy and safety, Biochemical investigations for diagnosis, Anticancer studies, Narcotic addicts-Biochemical studies, Cardiotonic drugs, Respiratory and Gastro-intestinal infections, Hepatoprotective activity studies,Efficacy of Ayurvedic drugs. The department was renamed as the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in 1998 and offers Masters progrmme in Molecular Biology.
The department of Biotechnology was started in 1997. The department offers Masters and Ph.D. Prgorammes.
The department of Pathology carries research in Histopathology,Immunology,Haematology, Haematopathology, Immuno-histochemistry and In situ Hybridisation. The facilities of the department are Histopathology with frozen section facilities, Histochemistry to demonstrate various enzymes and compounds in tissue sections including skeletal muscle,estimation of immunoglobulins,evaluation of haemostatic mechanisms,cytochemistry for bone marrow smears(especially for leukaemias),evaluation of haemostasis, immunohistochemistry with a large panel of antibodies and facilities to carry out in situ hybridisation for viral DNA and RNA etc. Consultancy on Histopathology,Immuno-histochemistry,Haematology. The Department is a referral centre for immunohistochemistry and cytochemistry are available in this department.
The department of Pharmacology & Environmental Toxicology carries out intensive research in Experimental Pharmacology, Phytopharmacology, Traditional Medicine Formulations, Immuno-Pharmacology and Toxicology, Neuropharmacology and Toxicology, Cardiovascular Phamacology, Aquatic Toxicology, Environmental Toxicology and Food Toxicology. The department has got facilities for conducting the research in the above mentioned areas. Since the department has staff memebers specilized in pharmacology and toxicology, facilities can be used for screening of Pharmacological as well as Toxicological profile of drugs and medicinal plants as well as toxicity evaluation of specific environmental pollutants.
The department has the sophisticated equipment of Florescence Spectro Photometer, High Pressure Liquid Chromatography, UV visible Spectrophotometer, Soft Kymograph for anesthetized animal experiments, Physiograph, Electro Cardio Graph,Rotarod, Actophotometer, Electrophoresis unit,Isolated tissue units, Flame photometer, Liquid Nitrogen Cylinder.
The department of Physiology carries researches in the areas of Neuroimmunomodulation, Neurotoxicology, Stress physiology, Liver regeneration, Cassava studies and Medical / laboratory instrumentation. The facilities of the department include Small animal surgery Laboratory, Recording of basic physiological data, Behavioural studies in small animals, all common biochemical investigations, all haemotological investigations, computer facility for Physiological data acquisition etc.
The sophisticated instruments of the department are HPLC (Waters) with ECD detector, Spectroflurometer, UV-Vis.Spectrophotometer, Flame photometer, Single channel Strip chart recorder(Physiograph), 8-channel Physiological data recorder(Polyrite), Single Channel ECG recorder, deep freezers, laminar flow hood,ultrasonic disintegrator.
Chair Person : Dr.M.ARUMUGAM
Constitute Department :